ICoronavirus ne-Asthma

Yini iCoronavirus?

AmaCoronaviruses awumndeni wamagciwane e-RNA adala izifo ezifana nomkhuhlane ovamile, iMiddle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) kanye ne-acute acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Ubhadane lwamanje lubangelwa i-coronavirus entsha manje eseyibizwa nge-SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Ukutheleleka nge-SARS-CoV-2 okuholela esifo se-coronavirus 2019 - esivame ukubizwa COVID-19.

Ngabe i-Asthma yami ikwenza kube lula ukuthi ngiyibambe le Coronavirus?

Asthma yisimo sokuphefumula esithinta abantu abangaphezu kwezigidi ezingama-300 emhlabeni jikelele. Kungenza izindiza zakho zizwele, zivuthe futhi zinciphe, zikhiqize amafinyila amaningi. Kodwa-ke, yize i-asthma ingenza kube nzima ukuthi umuntu aphefumulele ngaphakathi nangaphandle, abukho ubufakazi bokuthi abantu abane-asthma banamathuba amaningi kunalabo abangenawo umbandela wokubamba COVID-19. 

 

Kwenzeka kanjani COVID-19 kuthinta abantu abane-Asthma?

Noma ngubani angagula kakhulu COVID-19, yize abanye abantu besengozini kakhulu kunabanye. Uma une-asthma ubungozi bakho bungaba bukhulu uma buphakathi noma bube nesifuba somoya obungalawuleki kahle.

Kunezinye izinto eziningi ezibandakanya ubungozi, ngakho-ke kubalulekile ukuthi ubheke ukuthi ngabe kukhona okungakusiza yini. Isibonelo, ithuba lakho lokugula kakhulu liyakhula ikakhulukazi uma unezinkinga ezikhona zokubambisana (kufaka phakathi ezinye izimo zokuphefumula ezifana ne-cystic fibrosis, isifo esingapheliyo sokuphazamiseka kwamaphaphu noma umdlavuza wamaphaphu). Ezinye izinto ezinobungozi zibandakanya ukuba ngaphezu kweminyaka engama-60 ubudala, kusuka kumuntu oMnyama, wase-Asia noma omncane (BAME), ukhuluphele kakhulu, noma ukhulelwe.

 

 Ziyini izimpawu ze- COVID-19?

The izimpawu ze COVID-19 ingavela ezinsukwini ezimbili kuya kwezingu-14 ngemuva kokuthola igciwane. Izimpawu ezivame kakhulu nezimpawu yilezi:

  • Ukushisa okuphezulu
  • Ukukhwehlela okusha okuqhubekayo
  • Ukukhathala
  • Ukulahlekelwa ukunambitheka kanye / noma iphunga.

Ezinye izimpawu zingabandakanya:

  • Ukuphefumula noma ukuphefumula kanzima
  • Ama-muscle aches
  • Ama-Chills
  • Umphimbo obuhlungu
  • Iphutha le-Runny
  • bekhanda
  • ubuhlungu besifuba
  • I-Conjunctivitis (iso elibomvu noma amehlo)
  • Izimpawu ezingejwayelekile ezibandakanya ukuqubuka, uhudo, isicanucanu nokuhlanza.

Abanye abantu banesibonakaliso esisodwa noma ezimbili zalezi zimpawu. Abaningi abanalo nhlobo.

 

Ngingakwazi ukunciphisa ingozi yami COVID-19?

Ungagcina izinga lobungozi bakho lilinganiselwe ngokwenza konke okusemandleni akho ukugwema ukuvezwa yigciwane, nangokulawula i-asthma yakho.

 

Nciphisa ukutholakala kwegciwane

  • Landela izeluleko zansuku zonke zokugeza izandla zakho, ugweme ukuxhumana okuseduze, futhi uhlale okungenani amamitha ayisithupha (cishe amamitha amabili noma ubude bezingalo ezimbili) kwabanye abantu
  • Geza izandla kaningi ngensipho namanzi okungenani imizuzwana engama-20, noma sebenzisa i-sanitiser yesandla okungenani i-60% yotshwala
  • Gwema ukuhamba ngesikebhe nokuhamba komoya okungadingekile
  • Ngesikhathi sokuqubuka kwasendaweni emphakathini wakho, hlala ekhaya ngangokunokwenzeka
  • Gqoka imaski noma ukumboza ubuso esidlangalaleni nalapho useduze nabantu ongahlali nabo. Iningi labantu abane-asthma, noma ngabe libi kakhulu, lingakwazi ukugqoka i-facemask noma ukumboza isikhathi esifushane ngaphandle kokuphefumula kakhulu. Izimaski azinciphisi ukuthi uphefumula i-oksijini engakanani noma zibangele ukwakheka kwe-carbon dioxide
  • Uma ilungu lomndeni ligula, zama ukulihlukanisa namanye amalungu
  • Gwema izixuku
  • Sebenza ekhaya uma ukwazi
  • Ungabelani ngama-inhalers noma ama-spacers nabanye, kufaka phakathi amalungu omndeni.

 

Hlela kusengaphambili futhi uzilungiselele

  • Yiba nomuthi wokugomela umkhuhlane
  • Qinisekisa ukuthi okungenani unezinsuku ezingama-30 zayo yonke imishanguzo yakho yesifuba somoya neminye imithwalo kadokotela noma engeyona kadokotela, uma kwenzeka udinga ukuhlala ekhaya isikhathi eside
  • Gcina uhlu olusesikhathini soxhumana nabo bezinsizakalo eziphuthumayo kanye nezinsizakalo eziseduze - faka izinombolo efonini yakho bese ugcina uhlu olubhalwe ngesandla eduze, futhi.

 

Gcina i-Asthma yakho ilawulwa kahle

  • Landela uhlelo lwakho lokusebenza lwe-Asthma
  • Hlola uhlelo lwakho lwe-Asthma Action Plan lusesikhathini
  • Qhubeka nokuphuza imishanguzo yakho yamanje - isivimbeli nesinciphisi - njengoba kushiwo ngudokotela wakho. Lokho kufaka noma yikuphi okuqukethe i-steroids (ukuhogela noma ngomlomo) 
  • Qala idayari yokugeleza okuphezulu. Ukuqapha ukugeleza kwakho okuphakeme njalo usebenzisa imitha yokugeleza okuphezulu ekhaya kuyindlela enhle yokulandela i-asthma yakho. Kungakusiza ukuthi utshele umehluko phakathi kwezimpawu zesifuba somoya kanye COVID-19 izimpawu
  • Ungayeki noma ushintshe imithi yakho ngaphandle kokukhuluma nodokotela wakho kuqala
  • Gwema izimbangela zakho ze-asthma
  • Abaningi bethu ngokwemvelo bakhathazekile noma bacindezelekile ngalesi sikhathi ngakho-ke thola izinto ezikusiza ukuba ubhekane nengcindezi nokukhathazeka. Imizwelo enamandla ingadala ukuhlaselwa yisifuba somoya.

 

Khumbula, noma yisiphi isibulala-magciwane singadala ukuhlaselwa yi-Asthma

  • Cela umuntu omdala ongenasifuba somoya ukuba akuhlanze futhi abulale amagciwane ezintweni zasendlini
  • Iya kwelinye igumbi ngenkathi ukuhlanzwa kwenziwa, futhi isikhashana ngemuva kwalokho
  • Sebenzisa insipho namanzi esikhundleni sesibulali-magciwane lapho ungakwazi khona, isib. Izindawo ezinendawo ethinta kancane
  • Umuntu ohlanzayo kufanele alandele imiyalelo yomkhiqizo ngokuphepha nangendlela efanele, agqoke ukuvikelwa kwesikhumba futhi anikeze negumbi umoya kahle.

 

Yeka ukubhema

Ababhemayo babamba izifo eziningi zokuphefumula kunabantu abangabhemi. Ngakho-ke, uma ubhema kungenzeka ukuthi ubambe i-coronavirus futhi ube nezimpawu ezimbi kakhulu. Ngenxa yalezi zizathu uma ubhema kubalulekile ukuthi uyeke ngokushesha okukhulu. Kanye nokwehlisa ubungozi kwi-coronavirus, uzophinda uzuze ekuphefumuleni okulula ezinsukwini ezimbalwa zokuma. Funda ngobudlelwano phakathi I-COPD nokubhema.

 

Ungalufuna nini usizo?

Uma uthola izimpawu ze-asthma kathathu noma ngaphezulu ngesonto, khuluma nodokotela wakho.

Abambalwa COVID-19 izimpawu ziyefana nezimpawu zokuhlaselwa yisifuba somoya - ikakhulukazi ukukhwehlela nokuphelelwa umoya noma ukuqina kwesifuba. Uhlelo Lokusebenza Kwesifuba Somoya luzokusiza ukuthi ubone futhi ulawule izimpawu zakho ze-asthma.

Ukuhlaselwa yisifuba somoya yisimo esiphuthumayo. Akufanele ubambezele. Landela izinyathelo ezikuhlelo lwakho lwe-Asthma Action Plan ukuthola usizo lwezempilo oluphuthumayo, okubandakanya ukuya emnyangweni ophuthumayo wesibhedlela uma udinga.

 

SOURCES

CDC: 20 Nov 2020. Abantu abane-asthma esesilinganisweni. Isifo se-coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). Izikhungo Zokulawulwa Nokuvikelwa Kwezifo. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/need-extra-precautions/asthma.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fspecific-groups%2Fasthma.html [Kufinyelelwe ngomhla ka-26 Novemba 2020] 

NHS: 25 Nov 2020. Ubani osengozini enkulu evela ku-coronavirus? https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/coronavirus-covid-19/people-at-higher-risk/whos-at-higher-risk-from-coronavirus/ [Kufinyelelwe ngomhla ka-26 Novemba 2020] 

I-Asthma UK: 9 Nov 2020. Yini okufanele yenziwe ngabantu abane-Asthma manje? https://www.asthma.org.uk/advice/triggers/coronavirus-covid-19/what-should-people-with-asthma-do-now/ [Kufinyelelwe ngomhla ka-26 Novemba 2020] 

I-AAAAI: 24 Novemba 2020. COVID-19 NE-ASTHMA: YINI OKUDINGEKA UKWAZI IZIGULI. I-American Academy ye-Allergy Asthma & Immunology. https://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/library/asthma-library/covid-asthma [Kufinyelelwe ngomhla ka-26 Novemba 2020] 

Abasebenzi baseMayo Clinic: 24 Nov 2020. Isifo seCoronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/coronavirus/symptoms-causes/syc-20479963 [Kufinyelelwe ngomhla ka-27 Novemba 2020] 

I-GINA: Ephreli 2020. Isu lomhlaba jikelele lokuphathwa nokuvikelwa kwesifuba somoya (isibuyekezo se-2020). Ikhasi 17: Ukuholwa kwesikhashana ekuphathweni kwesifuba somoya ngesikhathi se- COVID-19 ubhubhane. https://ginasthma.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/GINA-2020-report_20_06_04-1-wms.pdf [Kufinyelelwe ngomhla ka-27 Novemba 2020] 

WHO: Meyi 2020. Isifo Somoya. Amaqiniso asemqoka. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/asthma#:~:text=It%20was%20estimated%20that%20more,and%20lower%2Dmiddle%20income%20countries [Kufinyelelwe ngomhla ka-26 Novemba 2020] 

Impilo Yomphakathi eNgilandi: Meyi 2020. COVID-19: izeluleko zababhemayo nama-vapers. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-advice-for-smokers-and-vapers/covid-19-advice-for-smokers-and-vapers [Kufinyelelwe ngomhla ka-27 Novemba 2020]