Ukuzivocavoca kweCOPD

Okwabantu abane COPD , ukuzivocavoca umzimba kungahle kungabonakali kulula kepha ukungazivocavoci nhlobo kungenza izinto zibe zimbi kakhulu. Eqinisweni, kunezindlela ezahlukahlukene zokuphefumula ongazenza ezingasiza ekunciphiseni izimpawu ze-COPD, zikhulise amandla wamaphaphu akho, futhi zisize ukuthuthukisa ikhono lakho lokwenza imisebenzi yansuku zonke nokuzivocavoca umzimba.

Ziyini izinzuzo zokuzivocavoca kwe-COPD?

Uma ukhona utholwe une-COPD , kulula ukuwela emjikelezweni wokungasebenzi. Ungagwema izinto ezikwenza uzizwe uphefumula kanzima noma ukhathazeke ngokuthi uzobhekana kanjani uma uhlangabezana nobunzima bokuphefumula ngenkathi uzivocavoca. Kodwa-ke, ukungazivocavoci umzimba noma ukuzivocavoca kungadala ingozi enkulu.

  • Umsebenzi owehlisiwe uzoholela ekutheni imisipha yakho ibe buthakathaka. Ukuba nemisipha ebuthakathaka kusho ukuthi umzimba wakho uzodinga ukusebenza kanzima futhi usebenzise i-oxygen eyengeziwe ukuze usebenze. Ngokulandelayo, lokhu kungakwenza uzizwe uphefumula ngokwengeziwe.

Uma uhlala usebenza, funda izindlela zokuphefumula, futhi wenze izivivinyo ezinobungani be-COPD, lokhu kufanele kube nomthelela omuhle empilweni yakho nasenhlalakahleni:

  • Imisipha yakho izoqina, kufaka phakathi imisipha ebandakanyeka ekuphefumuleni - uzophefumula kancane lapho unyakaza, kuzoba lula ukusebenza.
  • Ukuvivinya umzimba njalo kungakusiza ukuthi ugcine noma wehle isisindo, okungabaluleka kulabo abane-COPD.
  • Ukuvivinya umzimba kungakusiza uzizwe ungcono nasengqondweni. Kungaba nomthelela omuhle ekuzethembeni futhi kukusize uhlale uzimisele ukuqhubeka nemikhuba emihle yokuphila.

Ukuzivocavoca okuphefumulayo kwe-COPD

Ukuzivocavoca okuphefumulayo kuzuzisa kakhulu i-COPD njengoba kusiza ekuthuthukiseni nasekuqiniseni amaphaphu akho futhi kukubeka esimweni esingcono sokuzama izindlela zokuzivocavoca umzimba. Ukuzivocavoca okuphefumulayo kusiza ekuqiniseni imisipha oyisebenzisela ukuphefumula, ikwenza ukwazi ukuthola umoya-mpilo omningi futhi uphefumule kalula ngomzamo omncane.

Kunezindlela nezindlela zokuphefumula eziningana, futhi akudingeki ukhethe eyodwa ukukusiza phatha i-COPD yakho. Olunye ucwaningo luye lwathola ukuthi ukuhlanganisa amasu nokwenza izindlela eziningana kungaba nezinzuzo ezithuthukisiwe zezimpawu ze-COPD.

Ukuphefumula kwezindebe okuqalekisiwe kwe-COPD

Ukuphefumula ngomlomo okuqalekisiwe kuyindlela elula futhi elula yokufunda. Kuyasiza ukwehlisa ukuphefumula kwakho, kwenze kube lula ukuthi amaphaphu asebenze, futhi kusiza ukugcina imigwaqo yakho yomoya ivulekile isikhathi eside. Kungenziwa nganoma yisiphi isikhathi futhi kusetshenziselwe ukusiza ukulawula ukuphefumula kwakho lapho uzivocavoca.

  • Hlala noma ume bese uphefumulela phezulu ngamakhala akho
  • Khipha izindebe zakho, kube sengathi usuzoshaya ikhwela
  • Phefumulela phezulu kancane ngangokunokwenzeka ngezindebe zakho ezixoshiwe bese uhlose ukushaya kabili inqobo nje uma uphefumulele - kungasiza ukubala njengoba wenza lokhu
  • Phinda lo msebenzi izikhathi eziyisihlanu, wakha ngokuhamba kwesikhathi ukwenza ukuphindaphinda okungu-10.

Ukuphefumula kwe-diaphragmatic kwe-COPD

Ukuphefumula nge-diaphragmatic kuyindlela lapho uhlose ukuphefumula kusuka ku-diaphragm yakho, hhayi esifubeni sakho esingenhla. Imvamisa ibizwa nangokuthi 'ukuphefumula kusuka esiswini sakho'. Le ndlela isiza ukuqinisa imisipha yediyaphragm, evame ukuba buthakathaka futhi ingasebenzi kangako ngeCOPD.

  • Hlala noma ulale phansi ngokunethezeka futhi uphumule umzimba wakho ngangokunokwenzeka
  • Beka isandla esisodwa esifubeni sakho nesinye esiswini sakho
  • Faka umoya ngamakhala akho kuze kube yimizuzwana emihlanu, uzwe umoya ungena esiswini sakho futhi nesisu sakho sikhuphuke - kuhle, kufanele ukwazi ukuzwa isisu sakho sihamba ngaphezu kwesifuba sakho
  • Yibambe imizuzwana emibili, bese uphefumulela ngaphandle futhi kuze kube yimizuzwana emihlanu ngekhala lakho
  • Phinda lo msebenzi izikhathi ezinhlanu.

Ukuphefumula nge-paced kwe-COPD

Ukuphefumula ngamaphaphu ukuzivocavoca ongakusebenzisa ngenkathi usebenza, njengalapho uhamba noma ukhuphuka izitebhisi. Umqondo ukuthi ufaka ukuphefumula kwakho ukufanisa izinyathelo zakho.

  • Njengoba uhamba, ubale kuwe
  • Donsa umoya isinyathelo esisodwa, bese uthatha igxathu elilodwa noma amabili lapho uphefumulela phezulu
  • Thola ijubane lokuphefumula nokubala okukusebenzelayo.

Ukuphefumula kanzima noma indlela 'ye-blow-as-you-go' ye-COPD

Inqubo yokuphefumula kanzima ngenye indlela ongayisebenzisa uma usebenza njengoba kungenza kube lula ukubhekana nemisebenzi edinga umzamo.

  • Ngaphambi kokwenza umzamo (njengokuma), phefumulela ngaphakathi
  • Ngenkathi wenza umzamo, phefumulela ngaphandle kanzima
  • Ungakuthola kulula ukuphefumulela phezulu ngenkathi uvula izindebe zakho.

Yini ukuzivocavoca okuhle kakhulu kumuntu one-COPD?

Akukho ukuzivocavoca okukodwa okuhle komuntu one-COPD, kepha kunezinketho eziningi ezinhle ongazama ngazo.

  • Ukuhamba. Uma ungazange uvivinye isikhashana, ukuhamba kuyisiqalo esihle, ngoba kumahhala ukukwenza futhi ungahamba ngejubane lakho. Zama ukuphuma uhambe kancane okungenani kanye ngosuku bese kancane kancane wakhe ukuthi uhamba ibanga elingakanani. Ungafaka ukuhamba neminye imisebenzi, njengokuyothenga noma ukuya emihlanganweni yezokwelapha.
  • I-Tai chi. Izinhlobo zokuzivocavoca ezinomusa ezifana ne-tai chi zilungele i-COPD, njengoba zigxila ekuhambeni okuhamba kancane nokuhamba. I-Tai chi ingasiza ukukhipha imisipha yakho nokunciphisa ukucindezeleka nokukhathazeka.
  • Cycling. Ukuhamba ngebhayisikili ngebhayisikili lokuzivocavoca ekhaya noma ejimini kungasiza ekwakheni amandla emilenzeni yakho, kusize ukusakazwa nokukhuphula amandla.
  • izisindo. Ukusebenzisa izisindo zezandla ukwenza izingalo zengalo kuhle ukuqinisa imisipha ezingalweni nasemzimbeni ongaphezulu. Uma ungenazo izinsimbi, sebenzisa amabhodlela amanzi agcwalisiwe noma amathini ezithelo ezisemathinini noma imifino esikhundleni salokho.
  • Welulekela. Ukunyakaza okulula nokwelula kunenzuzo nakho - zama ukuphakamisa ingalo, ukuphakamisa ithole, ukunweba imilenze, noma ukuhamba usuka endaweni yokuhlala uye ezikhundleni ezimile. Uma unokunyakaza okulinganiselwe, i-yoga yesihlalo nayo iyindlela.

Uma udinga umdlandla wokuzivocavoca umzimba, thola umngani wokuzivocavoca - noma umngane ongahamba naye. Ukuba nenkampani kungakusiza ekuphazamiseni ekutheni uzivocavoca umzimba futhi kungakhuphula nokuzethemba kwakho uma ukhathazekile ngokuphelelwa umoya ngenkathi uwedwa.

Ngaphambi kokuqala umbuso omusha wokuzivocavoca, ikakhulukazi uma usebenzisa i-oxygen, khuluma nodokotela wakho ukuthola iseluleko. Bangase bancome uhlelo oluhlelekile lokuzivocavoca ngamaphaphu uma izimpawu zakho zinzima.

Uwaqinisa kanjani amaphaphu akho nge-COPD?

Ukukhuthala kungasiza ekuqiniseni amaphaphu akho. Ukuzivocavoca okufanele i-COPD kungasiza ukukhulisa amandla emisipha yakho yokuphefumula futhi kuthuthukise ukujikeleza kwakho nenhliziyo yakho. Lapho imisipha yakho iqina, izosiza umzimba wakho ukuthi usebenzise i-oxygen kahle, ngakho-ke ngeke ugcine uphefumula kanzima empilweni yakho yansuku zonke.

Ngabe i-COPD ingaguqulwa ngokuzivocavoca umzimba?

Ukuzivocavoca kukodwa akunamandla anele okuguqula umonakalo wamaphaphu. Kodwa-ke, ukuvivinya umzimba kukhonjisiwe ukusiza ukukhulula Izimpawu ze-COPD futhi uthuthukise ikhwalithi yakho yokuphila, yingakho kuzuzisa kakhulu kunoma ngubani one-COPD ukuthi akwenze.

Ukuzivocavoca umzimba kungasiza ekuthuthukiseni ukuqina komzimba wakho nokukhuthazela, futhi kungaqinisa imisipha oyisebenzisela ukuphefumula. Lapho le misipha iqina, awudingi ukusebenzisa umoya-mpilo omningi, ozosiza ukunciphisa ukuphefumula kwakho ngesikhathi somzimba.

Isihluthulelo ukuyeka ukuzivocavoca lapho izimpawu zakho ze-COPD zithuthuka, njengoba ukumisa izinga lakho lomsebenzi kungaphinde kuqinise izimpawu.

Ungayivocavoca kanjani kalula nge-COPD

Ungazisiza usebenzise umzimba kalula nge-COPD ngokusebenzisa amathiphu alandelayo:

  • Funda ukuphefumula kancane usebenzisa indlela yokuphefumula elandelwayo ngesikhathi sokuzivocavoca umzimba. Uma wenza imisebenzi edinga umzamo omkhulu, ukuphefumula kanzima kungasiza.
  • Ngenkathi uzivocavoca umzimba, qiniseka ukuthi uphuza amanzi amaningi ukuze uhlale unamanzi. Gwema iziphuzo ezingenayo i-caffeine ngoba zingcono ukugcina i-mucus ezindleleni zakho zomoya zincane.
  • Uma usebenzisa i-oksijeni futhi udokotela wakho ekunikeze ukuqhubeka kokuzivocavoca umzimba, ungenza izinto zibe lula kuwe ngokusebenzisa ishubhu ethe xaxa ethangini lakho. Lokhu kungakusiza ukukunikeza isikhala esithe xaxa namandla okuhamba, ngaphandle kokukhathazeka ngokuwela phezu kwethangi lakho. Kuyasiza futhi ukusebenzisa amathangi amancane oksijini amancane ngenkathi usebenza.

Uzoyeka nini ukuzivocavoca umzimba

Uma izimpawu zakho ze-COPD - njengokuphefumula, ukuphefumula, noma ukukhwehlela - kubonakala kubi kakhulu kunokujwayelekile, yeka ukuzivocavoca. Ngokufanayo, uma uzizwa unesiyezi noma unekhanda elincane, yima uphumule. Yize ukuzivocavoca kubalulekile, akukuhle ukuzikhandla ukuze uvivinye umzimba lapho ungazizwa kahle noma izimpawu zakho ze-COPD zimbi kakhulu. Yiba nengqondo futhi, uma kukhona okukukhathazayo mayelana nezimpawu zakho, thintana nodokotela.

Ungahle ube nentshisekelo kubaqondisi bethu ukuze ukuphatha i-COPD yakho futhi Ukwelashwa kwe-COPD.

Imithombo

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Isisekelo seCOPD. Izindlela zokuphefumula.

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