Yini ama-Nasal Polyps?

Ama-polyp nasal athambile, angenawo umdlavuza avela kulayini lwamaphaseji noma amasinisi ekhaleni lakho. Ama-polyp acinene angahluka ngosayizi. Uma zincane, zingahle zingabangeli zimpawu futhi ungahle ungazi ukuthi unazo. Kodwa-ke, ama-polyps amakhulu noma amaqoqo amaningi ama-polyps angadala izimpawu futhi avimbe nezindima zakho zamakhala.

Uma ubhekwa ngudokotela, ama-polyps akhulayo abukeka njengokukhula okumise okwezinyembezi ekhaleni lakho. Njengoba bekhula, baqala ukufana namagilebhisi ahlutshiwe. Zingadala izimpawu ezingathandeki, kepha ngokuvamile azinabuhlungu.

Ngokungafani nama-polyps avela kwezinye izingxenye zomzimba, njengamathumbu, ama-polyp nasal awavamile ukuba nomdlavuza.

Yiziphi izimpawu ezibangelwa ama-polyp nasal?

Zibangela uhla lwezimpawu futhi kwesinye isikhathi zingazizwa sengathi unamakhaza. Kepha ngenkathi umkhuhlane uvame ukuphuma ezinsukwini ezimbalwa, ngeke zibe ngcono ngaphandle kokwelashwa.

Izimpawu zama-polyp acinene zifaka:

  • Impumulo evinjiwe noma evalekile
  • Ikhala eligijimayo
  • Ukungqubuzana kwe-nasal
  • Umuzwa oncishisiwe wephunga noma ukunambitha
  • I-Postnasal drip - i-mucus eyeqile yehlela emuva komphimbo wakho okwenza ukuthi udinga ukugwinya okuningi
  • Umuzwa wengcindezi ebusweni bakho, noma ebunzini
  • snoring
  • I-Nosebleeds

Izimpawu eziqondile ozoba nazo zizoya ngosayizi nendawo yama-polyp ekhaleni lakho nokuthi kungakanani ukuvuvukala okukhona.

Yini ebangela ama-polyps emakhaleni?

Ama-polyps acinene abangelwa ukuvuvukala futhi akhula ngezicubu ezivuthayo emakhaleni. Ngaphakathi kwekhala lakho kunongqimba olumanzi olubizwa ngokuthi i-mucosa, oluvikela ingaphakathi lekhala lakho kanye nezono. Uma unesifo se-sinus noma i-allergen reaction, i-mucosa ingavuvukala futhi ibomvu futhi ingaqala ukukhiqiza uketshezi oluphuphumayo. Uma unokucasuka nokuvuvukala okuningi, ikakhulukazi isikhathi eside, i-polyp ingakha.

Kunezici eziningi okukholelwa ukuthi zandisa ubungozi bokuthuthukisa ama-polyp nasal. Lokhu kufaka phakathi:

  • Uhlangabezana nokutheleleka okungapheli noma okuphindaphindayo kwesono
  • Having ufuba
  • Ukuzwa ukusabela kokuthatha i-aspirin noma ezinye izidakamizwa ezingezona ukuvuvukala (ama-NSAID)
  • I-hay fever, eyaziwa nangokuthi i-allergen rhinitis
  • I-cystic fibrosis

Kungenzeka futhi ukuthi ufuzo nomlando womndeni udlale indima, ngezakhi ezithile zofuzo ezikwenza uthambekele kakhulu ekubhekaneni nezicubu zomzimba ezivuthayo.

Ama-polyp acinene ajwayele ukuthinta abantu abadala abangaphezu kweminyaka engama-40 futhi ajwayelekile kakhulu kwabesilisa kunabesifazane. Izibalo ziphakamisa ukuthi phakathi kuka-19-36% wabantu abanezifo ezingama-sinusitis ezingamahlalakhona nabo banama-polyp nasal. Cishe i-7% yabantu abane-asthma nayo ine-sinusitis engapheli enama-polyp nasal.

Uthola kanjani ama-polyp nasal?

Uma ucabanga ukuthi ungaba nama-polyp nasal, kufanele ubone uchwepheshe wezokwelapha, ofana nodokotela womndeni wakho. Bazobheka ekhaleni lakho babuze imibuzo mayelana nezimpawu ohlangabezana nazo.

Amakhala akho angahlolwa kusetshenziswa i-endoscope ekhethekile yamakhala. Kuzoba nelensi yokukhulisa noma ikhamera kuyo eyenza udokotela abone ngaphakathi kwamakhala akho nezono.

Kwesinye isikhathi kungadingeka ezinye izivivinyo, njengokuhlolwa kwe-CT kwezono, i-biopsy, noma izivivinyo zokungezwani komzimba, ukubona ukuthi kukhona yini ukungezwani komzimba okungadala ukuvuvukala kwamakhala. Iskena se-CT sizosiza ongoti ukuthola umbono ocacile ngosayizi nendawo yama-polyps akho. Ama-polyps awavamile ukuba nomdlavuza, kepha kwesinye isikhathi angafihla okunye ukukhula, ngakho-ke ukuskena kungasiza ekunqandeni lokhu.

Ukuhlolwa kwegazi kungenziwa futhi ukubheka amazinga akho kavithamini D, njengoba ezinye izifundo zikhombise ukuxhumana nokuntuleka kukavithamini D.

Ingabe ama-polyp nasal ayahamba ngokwawo?

Uma unama-polyps acinene, ngeke ahambe ngokwawo. Uma unama-polyps amakhulu amakhulu noma amaqoqo awo, angadala izimpawu ezahlukahlukene futhi azodinga ukwelashwa. I-polyp enkulu ekhaleni ingavimba ikhala, idale izinkinga eziqhubekayo.

Ama-polyps amancanyana amancane kungenzeka angabangeli ukungakhululeki futhi ungahle ungazi ukuthi unawo, ngakho-ke angahlala elashwa ngaphandle kokubangela izinkinga.

Ungazami ukungazinaki izinhlayiya zekhala, unethemba lokuthi zizozihambela zodwa njengoba ngokudabukisayo ubeka engcupheni yokuthola izifo eziqhubekayo zesinus, i-asthma flare-ups, kanye nokuphazamiseka kokulala, lapho i-polyp ithinta ukuphefumula kwakho. I-apnea yokulala yilapho unezikhathi zokuyeka ukuqala nokuphefumula ngenkathi ulele, okungaba yingozi.

Ukwelashwa kwama-polyp acinene

Ukususa ama-polyp nasal, uzodinga ukwelashwa. Izinketho zokwelashwa zifaka:

  • Izifutho ze-Corticosteroid nasal - amathonsi ekhaleni le-steroid noma izifutho zingabekwa ukusiza ukunciphisa ama-polyps
  • Amaphilisi e-steroid - kwesinye isikhathi kunqunywa inkambo yamaphilisi e-steroid, isonto elilodwa noma amabili
  • I-Biologics (imishanguzo ethathwe emithonjeni yezinto eziphilayo noma equkethe) - isetshenziselwa kakhulu abantu abane-sinusitis engalapheki, ukwelashwa nge-biologics, njenge-mepolizumab noma ingasiza ukunciphisa ama-polyps nokuthuthukisa izimpawu
  • Ukuhlinzwa - ukususwa kokuhlinzwa kwama-polyps, ikakhulukazi uma kuvimbe imigwaqo yomoya noma kubangela i-sinusitis eqhubekayo ephindaphindwayo.

Udokotela womndeni wakho uzoxoxa nawe ngezindlela zokwelashwa futhi angakudlulisela kuchwepheshe.

Ngabe ama-polyp acinene angavinjelwa?

Kunezinyathelo ezingokoqobo ongazithatha ukunciphisa ubungozi bokuba nama-polyps ekhaleni lakho. Futhi, njengoba ama-polyps engenzeka futhi, lezi zinyathelo ziyasiza ngemuva kokuthi nawe uthole ukwelashwa, ukuzama nokuvikela ezinye izinkinga.

  • Uma unesifo somoya, qhubeka nemithi yakho nohlelo lokwelashwa ukugcina izimpawu zakho zilawulwa
  • Uma unenkinga yokungezwani komzimba ne-aspirin noma ezinye izidakamizwa ze-NSAID, kufaka phakathi i-AERD noma i-Samter's Triad, gwema ukuyithatha - lokhu kunganciphisa ubungozi bama-polyps akhulayo
  • Uma unayo izifo njenge-hay fever, zama ukunciphisa ukuvezwa kwakho ezintweni ezinjengothuli nempova
  • Gwema izinto ezingacasula izindima zamakhala, ezifana nentuthu, uthuli, noma amakhemikhali
  • Sebenzisa ukuhlanza kwamakhala okufana nesifutho se-saline noma ukugeza ukuze ususe okucasulayo ezindimeni zakho zamakhala futhi usize ukugeleza kwe-mucus. Amakhithi ayatholakala ukuthi angathengwa emakhemisi
  • Zama ukusebenzisa i-humidifier ekhaya lakho ukusiza ukuphefumula kwakho futhi usize ukunciphisa ubungozi bokuvaleka kwamakhala noma ukuvuvukala kwamakhala
  • Zijwayeze ukuhlanzeka okuhle, njengokugeza izandla njalo ukusiza ukunciphisa ubungozi bokutheleleka ngegciwane kanye namagciwane okungadala ukuvuvukala kwamakhala.

Uma ukhathazekile unama-polyp polyps noma unenkinga yokuphefumula, kufanele ufune usizo lwezokwelapha.

 

Imithombo

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